Hazrat Nasiruddin Chirag-e-Dehlavi ‎(رحمتہ اللہ علیہ)



Name: Hazrat Nasiruddin Mahmood
Titles: Roshan Chirag-e-Delhi
Silsila: Chistia
Predecessor: Hazrat Khwaja Nizamuddin Auliya (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ)
Successor: Hazrat Khwaja Bande Nawaz Gesu Daraz (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ)
Date of Birth:
Date of Wisaal:17 Ramzan (757 Hijri)
Date of Urs:
Resting at: Delhi, India

Hazrat Nasiruddin Mahmood Chirag-e-Delhi‎ (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ) (ca 1274-1356) was a 14th century mystic-poet and a Sufi Saint of Chishti Order. He was a murid (disciple) of noted Sufi saint, Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ), and later khalifa, his successor He was the last important Sufi of Chishti Order from Delhi

He was given the title, "Roshan Chirag-e-Delhi", which in Hindi and Urdu, means "Illuminated Lamp of Delhi"

Hazrat Nasiruddin Mahmood Chiragh Dehlavi (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ) (or Chiragh-e-Delhi) was born as Nasiruddin around 1274, at Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh. His father Syed Yahya (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ), who traded in Pashmina, and his grand father, Syed Abdul Latif (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ), first migrated from Khorasan, north-eastern Iran, to Lahore, and thereafter settled in Ayodhya, in Awadh. His father died when he was only nine years of age, thereafter growing up with his mother, he received his early education from Maulana Abdul Karim Sherwani (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ), and later continued it, with Maulana Iftikhar Uddin Gilani (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ).

At age forty, he left Ayodhya for Delhi, where he became the disciple of Khwaja Nizamuddin Auliya (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ), it was here that he stayed for the rest of his life as his murid (disciple) , and eventually after his death, became his successor. In time, he also became a known poet in Persian language

He died in 17 Ramzan 757 Hijri or 1356 AD.at the age of 82, and is buried in a part of Delhi, India which is known as "Chirag-e-Delhi" after him .

One of his noted disciple was Khwaja Bande Nawaz Gesu Daraz (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ), who later moved to Daulatabad around 1398, owing to the attack of Timur on Delhi, and from where at the invitation of Bahamani King, Firuz Shah Bahamani, moved to Gulbarga, Karnataka, where he stayed for the following 22 years of his life, spreading the Chishti Order in the South till his death in November 1422. The Dargah of Khwaja Bande Nawaz (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ), exists today in the city of Gulbarga, as a symbol, multi-religious unity.

During his stay in Delhi, he continued to visit Ayodhya often, where he made a number of disciples, notably, Shaikh Zainuddin Ali Awadhi (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ), Shaikh Fatehullah Awadhi (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ) and Allama Kamaluddin Awadhi (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ).

Dargah:

After his death, his tomb was built by Firuz Shah Tughluq (r. 1351 - 1388), the Sultan of Delhi in 1358, and later two gateways were added on either side of mausoleum. One of noted addition was a mosque built by a later Mughal emperor, Farrukhsiyar, in early 18th century, and popular among both Muslims and Non-Muslims. A humble tomb of the founder of Lodhi dynasty, Bahlul Khan Lodhi (r.1451-89) lies close to the shrine in the present day locality of ‘Chirag Delhi’ that grew around the tomb, and is still goes by his name, it is very close to the locality of Greater Kailash, in South Delhi.

Nasiruddin Chiragh Dehalvi (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ), unlike his spiritual master Nizamuddin Auliya (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ), did not listen to sama, which was considered as unislamic by a section of the Muslim intelligentsia in that period. He did not however pass any specific judgement against it. This is the reason why even today, qawwali is not performed near his shrine in Delhi. Hazrat Nasiruddin's (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ) descendants are to be found far and wide as a lot of them moved down South to Hyderabad. The Dargah of Badi Bua or Badi Bibi, who said be the elder sister of Hazrat Nasir Uddin Mahmud Chiragh Dehlavi (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ),

Chiragh-E-Delhi Dargah is situated in the village of Chiragh Delhi. This township grew up around the Dargah slowly and gradually. The dargah entombs Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ), who was bestowed with the title of "Raushan Chiragh-I-Dili" (illuminated lamp of Delhi). He was a disciple of Hazrat Nizam-ud-Din (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ) and also succeeded him to become the head of the Chishti sect. Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ) was a mystic as well as a poet. His compositions have contributed greatly to Urdu poetry. The saint left for the holy abode in the year 1356.

Initially, the main tomb was enclosed within rectangular walls, built of rubble. This chamber was constructed by Muhammad Bin Tughlaq, who later added a small gateway on both sides of the tomb. However, the original Chiragh-I-Dili Dargah has undergone renovations and repairs a number of times. Now, a twelve-pillared square chamber, enclosed within perforated screens, consists of the tomb of Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ). The chamber has four small domed towers at the corners and is surmounted by a plastered dome, rising from an octagonal drum.

A number of structures, like the Majlis-Khana (assembly hall), Mahfil-Khana (symposium hall), were added to the Delhi Chiragh-I-Delhi Dargah some time back. The structure also comprises of a graveyard, which houses the graves and tombs of several distinguished personalities. Last but not the least, there are a number of mosques situated inside the premises of the dargah. One of these mosques was built by King Farrukhsiyar, in the early 18th century, in the honor of Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ).


KHALIFA:

HAZRAT ALLAMA SAHIKH KAMALUDDIN (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ)
HAZRAT SHAIKH ZAINUDDIN (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ)
HAZRAT MAKHDOOM KHWAJA JAHANIA JAHAN GASHT (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ)
HAZRAT KHWAJA MOINUDDIN KHURD (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ)
HAZRAT SHAIKH BADRUDDIN GHAZNAVI (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ)
HAZRAT SHAIKH SIRAJUDDIN (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ)
HAZRAT SHAIKH ALAUDDIN (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ)
HAZRAT KHWAJA MULKZADA AHMED (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ)
HAZRAT SHAIKH DANIYAL (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ)
HAZRAT MOULANA FAQRUDDIN ZARAVI (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ)
HAZRAT HAKIM SHAIKH SADRUDDIN (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ)
HAZRAT SYED MOHAMMED KIRMANI (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ)
HAZRAT SHAIKH YOUSUF CHISHTY (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ)
HAZRAT SHAIKH ABDUL MUQTADIR (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ)
HAZRAT SHAIKH SADULLA KAISDARAZ (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ)
HAZRAT SHAIKH AHMED THANSARI (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ)
HAZRAT MIR SYED MOHAMMED GESUDARAZ BIN SYED YOUSUF CHISHTY (رحمتہ اللہ علیہ).

Quotes:

Good intention is needed for all activities.
A morsel earned in business is a good thing.
Quest of the world with good intention is the quest of the lasting life.
People have forsaken the Qu'ran and Tradition, so they suffer.
The best prayer is to keep people happy.